It is based on a tune called the subject of the fugue. Usually a composer chooses to describe or define a fugue they have composed according to the number of parts it is written for.
An exposition a development and a final entry that contains the return of the subject in the.
What is a fugue in music. It is not to be confused with a fuguing tune which is a style of song popularized by and mostly limited to early american music and west gallery music. A fugue is a contrapuntal composition for a number of separate parts or voices. Fugue is the name both of a genre of musical composition as well as a technique that can form part of a larger composition with other techniques used as well.
Each part voices enters in imitation of each other. The names and labels are after the fact. In music a fugue is a contrapuntal compositional technique in two or more voices built on a subject that is introduced at the beginning in imitation and which recurs frequently in the course of the composition.
In its mathematical intricacy formality symmetry and variety the fugue holds the interest of composers performers and listeners of western art music in much the same way as the sonnet engages english language poets and their readers. You state a subject a. A fugue is a piece of music written for a certain number of parts voices.
The english term fugue originated in the sixteenth century and is derived from the french word fugue. Fugue in music a compositional procedure characterized by the systematic imitation of a principal theme called the subject in simultaneously sounding melodic lines counterpoint. When people first wrote fugues they just wrote them section a.
A fugue in 4 parts a fugue in 3 voices. Since the middle ages and the first flowering of notated music composers have striven beyond simple tune plus accompaniment. It is a type of counterpoint with a precisely defined structure.
Fugue definition is a musical composition in which one or two themes are repeated or imitated by successively entering voices and contrapuntally developed in a continuous interweaving of the voice parts. The word fugue comes from the italian fuga meaning flight. The term fugue may also be used to describe a work or part of a work.
A fugue usually has three main sections. In music a fugue is a contrapuntal compositional technique in two or more voices built on a subject theme that is introduced at the beginning in imitation repetition at different pitches and recurs frequently in the course of the composition. As a technique it refers to the practice of repeating thematic material in each voice of the composition in turn each one proclaiming it in turn and with material developed by imitative counterpoint.
One of the earliest dialectic forms in which two ideas are contrasted and it is a contrapuntal form. A fugue is music written for several imitative parts which entering at staggered stages join together to create a harmonic whole.